The complex cyst on ovary is fairly rare, but when they do develop they can cause a number of complications and health issues, including pain and stress. Cysts on the ovaries develop in women of childbearing age. A woman can have one or many cysts and she may not even be aware that she has them. Most types of ovarian cysts are harmless and will not have an impact on a woman’s ability to get pregnant. Simple cysts are filled with fluid, while a complex cyst usually contains both solid material and fluid.
Complex Cyst on Ovary: A Closer Look at Different Types of Ovarian Cysts
A complex cyst on ovary will occur less frequently and they’re generally harmless. There are a few different types: endometriomas, dermoid and cystadenomas.
The cystadenomas will develop from cells that cover the surface of an ovary. The two types of cystadenomas are called serous and mucinous. The mucinous cyst will contain thick fluid and can grow to be a foot long. They can grow so large that they take up most of the space in the abdomen and can cause pressure on other organs in the body. This type of cyst can also block the blood flow to the ovaries. The serous cyst contains watery fluid. This type doesn’t grow as large as the mucinous cyst but they can be painful if they rupture.
The dermoid cyst is the most common. This type of cyst contains skin, nails, hair and bones. They can even contain sweat glands. Rarely cancerous, these cysts are also very slow growing and can cause a significant amount of pain if they become twisted.
The endometriomas cysts are filled with old, thick blood, caused by a condition known as endometriosis. This condition involves the tissue from the uterus growing in other areas of the body. This condition is commonly found in women who have delivered an infant by C-section. The endometrial tissue will then grow into the C-section incision. Endometriomas cysts are harmless but can grow quite large because there is no outlet for the blood. A woman with this type of cyst will experience pain if the cyst becomes twisted.
Common Symptoms Associated with Complex Cysts
The development of a complex cyst on ovary is not linked to a woman’s menstrual cycle, like the development of a simple cyst is. The cause of many types of complex cysts is still unknown, however, there are a number of risk factors that are associated with the formation of these growths. This includes genetics, hypothyroidism, and early menstruation in women younger than twelve years of age, obesity, and history of irregular menstruation, infertility, certain medications and cigarette smoking.
The most common symptom of a complex cyst is discomfort or pain in the lower abdomen. The pain is usually caused by a larger cyst. Pain can also be caused by rupture of the cyst, twisting of the cyst or bleeding. Pain can also occur if the cyst is bumped during intercourse or when there is an interruption in the blood supply to the ovary. Other symptoms of a complex cyst include bloating or a feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen, vomiting, nausea, irregular menstruation and breast tenderness. If the cyst is large it can also press on the bladder, causing frequent urination.