Thyroid medications are synthetic thyroid hormones designed to replace the natural hormones created in the body. These medications are taken by mouth and in rare cases can be delivered via IV. The recommended dosage of thyroid medications will vary based on the severity of the person’s condition and their age.
Synthetic Thyroid Hormone Side Effects and Drug Interactions
All medications have side effects and meds for hypothyroidism are no different. Most people will not experience any side effects when taking this type of medication, or if they do, they’re relatively mild in nature. Speak with your pharmacist prior to taking the medication, regarding possible side effects. Noted side effects include increased anxiety, trouble falling asleep, hives, tremors, loose stool or diarrhea, severe weight loss, and increased irritability. Rare side effects include chest pain, swelling of the lips, throat, face or tongue, and difficulty breathing.
You’ll also need to speak to your doctor about the other types of medications you regularly take because they can affect the way thyroid medications work. People who take the following medications will need to see their physician once a month in order to ensure that they’re receiving the right dose of thyroid meds. Some of these medications will include iron supplements, calcium, birth control medication, certain cholesterol medications, seizure medication, antibiotics and certain antacids.
If you are trying to conceive, pregnant or breastfeeding, this medication is safe to use because it mimics the natural hormones secreted by the thyroid. If you’re concerned about taking this med while pregnant speak with your doctor. During pregnancy some women may develop a goiter because of the HCG pregnancy hormone. If your thyroid becomes enlarged during pregnancy your physician may need to adjust or stop your medication.
When you first begin taking synthetic thyroid hormones your doctor will need to monitor your condition closely. Finding the right dosage can take time, so don’t be discouraged if you do not immediately get relief from hypothyroidism symptoms.